Ada Lovelace, who was born two centuries before that, was a genius for the pioneers of computing science. He was involved in the writing of the first published computer program. He was a computer visionary who first realized that computers could do much more than just calculations. Today, let’s learn more about the life and achievements of Ada Lovelace, a computer programming language written in her name.
The life of Ada Lovelace
Ada Lovelace was born on 10 December 1815 in London, England. Her Name Was Augusta Ada Byron. His last name changed after his marriage. His father was the intelligent but notorious poet Lord Byron (“mad, evil and dangerous to know”) and his mother was Anne Isabella Milbanke. His father was one of the best in poetry, but there was no balance in his personality. His mother was very intelligent, well educated by private tutors, and particularly keen on mathematics and the sciences.
When Ada was one month old, her father left the family and left Britain for good, and Ada died in Greece when she was only eight years old. Ada Lovelace never knew her father. His mother, Lady Byron, apparently had little love for her daughter and had little contact with her. That’s why the young girl was raised by her grandmother and her servants. Her grandmother died when Ada was just seven years old, and perhaps because of this life she suffered long-term health problems both in childhood and in her later days.
The only thing his mother insisted on was that Ada needed a quality education. In those days there was no place for girls in UK universities. However, the Daughters of wealthy, aristocratic families were able to be educated at a high level by private tutors. That’s how Ada Lovelace was trained. His mother wanted Ada to concentrate specifically on mathematics and science. There were two reasons for this:
They were his favorite subjects.
He wanted ADA to turn to the sciences of logic and stay away from her father’s pursuits such as poetry, so that her father would not suffer from the insanity in his family.
French and French, as her musical talent and ability to read and speak French were socially desirable subjects, Lady Byron also arranged for Ada to take lessons in music and French. With all this, his mother was very strict with Ada. He acts like a tyrant, demanding that the young girl work hard and punishing her by leaving her alone if he thinks she is not working hard enough. Lady Byron’s desire was for her daughter to be a highly disciplined, serious person – the opposite of her father.
Mathematician and computer scientist
It may seem strange to call someone born in 1815 a computer scientist, but Ada Lovelace was exactly that. On June 5, 1833, when he met Charles Babbage at the age of 17, his life changed forever. It wasn’t something many girls Ada’s age could do, but as an aristocrat she benefited from having better opportunities than most.
Babbage Was Lucasian Professor Of Mathematics At Cambridge University. It is a position once held by Isaac Newton and more recently by Stephen Hawking. Babbage learned that both Lady Byron and her daughter were well versed in mathematics, and invited them to see a small-scale version of the computing machine she was working on called The Difference Engine.
Babbage was tired of people making mistakes in long calculations, and he had in mind to make an infallible calculation machine that ran on Steam or turned manually. Ada was completely impressed with the concept, but there wasn’t much she could do to help Babbage with his business. He sent a message to Babbage asking for copies of the machine’s plans because he was determined to figure out how it worked.
Realizing that it is possible to talk to machines
Ada and Lady Byron also managed to visit factories where they could see steam-powered machines at work and learn as much as they could about mechanical devices. These were quite unusual things for an aristocratic woman and her daughter. Seeing the Jacquard loom in operation became an important part of Ada’s education.
Jacquard Loom was an automatic machine that allowed pattern weaving on textile products. Joseph Marie Jacquard invented it in 1801. The Jacquard Loom was controlled by punched cards. Each card was equal to a single row in the woven textile. By the perforated part, the Loom thread rises, and if not, the weaving thread would be left as it is. In other words, punched cards would give instructions to the machine. It was actually a machine code and programming.
More maths, marriage and children
Ada continued her search for mathematical knowledge independently. She befriended Mary Somerville, one of the best female mathematicians of her time, discussed modern mathematics with her, studied high-level mathematical problems, and spoke in detail about Charles Babbage’s Difference Engine.
Ada married William King, Earl of Lovelace, in 1835, when she was 19, and they had three children between 1836 and 1839. When he began to study mathematics again in 1841, he was given an advanced job by Professor Augustus De Morgan of University College London. He also continued to study advanced mathematics through correspondence with Mary Somerville. But Babbage’s Difference Engine never crossed his mind.
Ada Lovelace’s notes on the Analytical Engine
Ada Lovelace heard in 1842 an article by Luigi Federico Menabrea, an engineer, entitled A sketch of Charles Babbage’s Analytical Engine. The paper was written in French. Menabrea had listened to Babbage’s lectures and penned them. By this time, Babbage had moved from the Difference Engine to a much higher-level computer concept: The Analytical Engine.
The Analytical Engine was able to perform much more complex calculations than the Difference Engine. The analytical engine concept was really groundbreaking, and Babbage was an incredible genius in that respect because he built the world’s first programmable computer. In Modern terms, the Analytical Engine was a Turing-compatible machine. The arithmetic logic section included loops, conditional branching, flow control, and a separate memory. Moreover, they were all built using mechanical parts and operated by hand cranking or steam.
Ada Lovelace reached out to Menabrea’s work and translated them into English. Babbage read his translation and asked him why he had not written such a paper himself before, because he was too talented. Perhaps he could add his own thoughts to Menabrea’s work?
Ada Lovelace decided to place some notes in the translation of Menabrea’s work. But the notes he added had become three times more comprehensive than the original work. When the English translation of Charles Babbage’s draft of the Analytical Engine was published, much of the work published was actually his.
He added algebraic notes to studies of how an analytical engine could perform calculations. Babbage then took one of the most difficult calculations, the Bernoulli numbers, and sent it to Ada to include it in his work. Ada personally identified what Babbage himself described as a ‘big mistake’ and corrected it. Ada also added a computer program or algorithm to the paper and called it the Bernoulli number algorithm. This work earned Ada Lovelace the title of the world’s first computer programmer. But it’s fair to say that Babbage’s contribution was in most of this episode. Just exactly how much is the subject of academic debate.
Ada Lovelace had made a breakthrough in computing by developing a completely new concept. He had realized that an analytical engine could go beyond numbers. This work was the first route to a modern computer. The computer was no longer just a calculator, but a machine that could contribute to other areas of human effort, for example, composing music.
Ada Lovelace understood that anything that could be converted into numbers, such as music, Alphabet (language) or pictures, could be controlled by computer algorithms. The analytical engine had the potential to revolutionize the way the whole world worked, not just in the mathematical world.
This work by Ada Lovelace now shows that she has reached a mental process beyond her mother’s tightly disciplined approach. He began to look at issues with a more visionary approach. While it is true that his work was predominantly mathematical, he had freed his mind enough to look at the possibilities beyond equations and algorithms. Babbage described him as “The Wizard of numbers” in this respect.
But this, of course, was not the dawn of a new science. Ada Lovelace became increasingly ill after writing her translation and died young. Charles Babbage, on the other hand, ran into financial problems and therefore was never able to build a real computer.
The important question to ask at this stage is: could one of Babbage’s mechanical computers ever have been activated? Fortunately, we know the answer to this question:
In 1991, Doron Swade, curator of Computing at the London Science Museum, made a Difference Engine using Babbage’s design. It weighed 5 tons and worked perfectly. There were several minor design errors, deliberately conceived to prevent competitors or a government official from easily making a copy of the machine if they stole the parts. Swade figured it out.
Alan Turing enters the field
Nearly 90 years after Ada Lovelace wrote her translation, Alan Turing entered the field. Turing was undoubtedly a genius.
As a young man, he read the work of Ada Lovelace, among many other articles. He disagreed with his conclusion that artificial intelligence was not possible. Ada believed that computers could only take instructions and never “think” independently. Turing proved him wrong.
Unfortunately, it is difficult to say to what extent Alan Turing’s universal Turing Machine, the machine concept that started the modern computer age, was influenced by the work of Ada Lovelace, since he was not asked directly.
The mathematics used in the development of the universal Turing Machine was, of course, beyond anything done in Babbage and Lovelace’s time. On the other hand, for example, the concept of a machine that can even compose music and be more than a calculator began with Lovelace.
Turing’s 2. Codebreakers at Bletchley Park in the United Kingdom, where he worked during World War II, built and used the Colossus series of computers, the world’s first electronic computer. In doing so, they used Lovelace’s visionary computer concept.
Coded texts from German messages were subjected to computer-aided statistical analysis and converted into numbers to be converted into text that could be read and understood by humans.
Is Ada Lovelace the mother of modern computing?
So is it right to describe Ada Lovelace as the mother of modern computing, the mother of computers? Considering that the little boy is a computer, it is possible to say that Ada Lovelace is the mother of computing, and Charles Babbage is the father. So where was Alan Turing, the adoptive father of this child who had lost his parents, in that? Is Alan Turing really the father of the computer? our article.
Pentagon and US Army programmers have named their own computer language Ada, which they have developed.
Ada Lovelace died on November 27, 1852, at the age of 36, most likely of uterine cancer. After completing his work on the Analytical Engine, his health had deteriorated and he had already suffered from various diseases throughout his life. For several years, his pain had increased, and he was given opium by doctors to help him cope with it. He also drank a significant amount of alcohol, which affected his mood.
One day, he forgave his father, who left him when he was a baby. Then he began to believe that his mother had deliberately turned him against his father. The island is therefore named after Hucknall, a parish in Nottingham. He wanted to be buried next to Lord Byron in Mary Magdalene Church. His grave can be seen there today.