For people, where they come from has always been the subject of curiosity. Beginning stories are found in every culture, religion, ethnicity and nation, and these stories have a very important place. These stories tell people where they came from, how they settled and how they adapted to each other.
One of these stories, of course, is the story of human genes, and it is a story shared by everyone with human DNA.
Scientists find ancient human DNA as genetic material and develop new methods for analyzing this more modern takes a DNA sample, as the first people settled on almost every square meter of the world, pretty much on how each medium is making a thorough visit of information.
So, after thousands of years of almost incessant migration, is there anyone who has never left the point where Homo sapiens evolved? In other words, is there anyone on earth who is not an immigrant?
Austin Reynolds, who specializes in human genetics in the Department of anthropology at Baylor University in Texas, thinks from a scientific point of view that the only people who have never migrated may be some groups that speak the Khoe-San language in South Africa.
Rynolds mentions that Khoe-San is a term used to refer to specific African communities in the regions of Botswana, Nambia, Angola, and South Africa, where similar languages are spoken that make a prancing sound typical of South African languages.
According to reynols, there are two factors that indicate that Khoe-San communities may be descendants of the first people who never emigrated: they live where the first people were first seen, and they have quite a lot of genetic diversity. To explain why a large amount of genetic diversity is indicative of the original ancestors, Reynolds gets help from a bowl of bonibones. According to this, a handful of bonibons taken from the bowl (a cut of a human being separated from the original human population) may have several different colors in it, but you can find all the colors of bonibons in the actual bowl.
Despite the proximity and genetic diversity of the Khoe-San communities to the famous word “cradle of humanity”, it is a little boring to describe them genetically as original natives.
First, researchers don’t know for certain that South Africa is the cradle of humanity. Some scientists believe that humans first appeared in East Africa, and they have not yet collected enough archaeological evidence to fully conclude that they were the first places where Homo sapiens appeared in both regions.
According to Mark Stoneking, a molecular geneticist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Liepzig, Germany, there is even a possibility that humans first appeared in West Africa. Conservation of fossil remains varies from environment to environment, so just because human remains are found or not found in some areas doesn’t mean people lived there long ago.
Stoneking does not believe, at least scientifically, that there may be a non-immigrant race on earth.
“People were constantly on the move from the very beginning,” he says. His recent genetic research on peoples living throughout the Asian continent shows that everyone has a mark on everyone. According to Stoneking, “all humanity is always in contact with each other,” including Khoe-San with evidence that appears in their genes, cultures and languages.
Stoneking says the first humans moved around Africa more than 100,000 years ago, probably migrating from the east of Africa to the Middle East. Before long, people are likely to have made their way to the southeast along the Indian Coast. For tens of thousands of years, there have been many waves of migration following these first adventure lovers. According to Stoneking, there have been a significant number of DNA changes along the way. He sees the two elements, which we call Movement and mixture, as a characteristic description of human species.
Stoneking says: “there are two things people love; they are immigration and sex.”