The meaning of “Luna”, a Russian word, is “Moon”. Occasionally pronounced Lunik or Lunnik, it is a program of robotic spacecraft sent to the moon by the Soviet Union from 1959 to 1976. Thanks to this program, important information has been collected from the Moon. A total of 24 vehicles were involved in the project.
The moon race, which lasted almost 10 years between the United States and the Soviet Union, was won by the United States with Apollo 11 in July 1969. After that, the US slowed down its space work a little, while Soviet Russia continued its space programs without disrupting or even developing them. Part of the USSR’s major program was the Luna program, which was launched in 1959.
The USSR had originally planned to perform this impressive entry with Luna 15 on the day Apollo 11 landed on the moon. In this way, they would surprise the whole world once again and bring the lunar land before the United States. However, Luna 15 crashed into the mountains on the Moon during landing.